Wednesday, June 29, 2011


      Dilophosaurus wetherilli is an near the beginning Jurassic theropod dinosaur. It had paired curved crests on its skull, mostly likely for display. The actual dinosaur deliberate around 6 meters long and may have weighed half a ton. The fossils of Dilophosaurus come from the Navajo Indian Reservation, just west of Tuba City, Arizona. Remains were also established in Schenectady, New York. Just a few tens of feet below the level of the bones, large footprints of carnivorous dinosaurs are found, and these may fit in to Dilophosaurus. The unique description was published in 1954 by the renowned paleontologist Samuel Paul Welles; however, at the time, it was thought to be another genus of theropod (Megalosaurus). In 1970, it was documented to be distinct and given its own generic name Dilophosaurus (meaning "two-crested lizard"). Welles later redescribed the entire taxon in 1984 in a much more total paper. Dilophosaurus may be a primitive member of the clade containing together ceratosaurian and tetanuran theropods. Alternatively, some paleontologists classify this genus as a large coelophysoid.
There is an additional species of Dilophosaurus (D. sinensis) which may or may not belong to this genus. It is possibly closer to the bizarre Antarctic theropod Cryolophosaurus, based on fact that the anterior end of the jugal does not contribute in the internal antorbital fenestra and that the maxillary tooth row is totally in front of the orbit and ends anterior to the vertical strut of the lacrimal. This species was recovered from the Yunnan Province of China in 1987 with the prosauropod Yunnanosaurus, and later described and named in 1993 by Shaojin Hu.
           Dilophosaurus was also fitted in the 1993 movie Jurassic Park (and the book by Michael Crichton on which the film was based). It sported a retractable frill around its neck, much like a frilled lizard, and was clever to spit poison, aiming for the eyes to blind and paralyze its prey. There is no proof to support this representation. In the film, director Steven Spielberg also abridged its size, from moderately large to about 3 feet tall and 5 feet long - this was to keep rivalry low for the main star of the movie, Tyrannosaurus rex.
A Dinosaur found in Grand Junction area of Colorado and Fruita Dinosaur Journey Museum.
          Paleontologists, however, have exposed that Dilophosaurus had very weak mandibles, making it not possible for it to kill its prey by biting it without sustaining severe wounds (breaking of the jaw). This might be the basis for the theory of the poison, a way to debilitate its prey without putting itself at risk, which is in attendance in the book. The frill is possible, but no evidence has been found to hold up it.
Dilophosaurus facts:
Name:     Dilophosaurus (Double combed lizard)
Size:     20 ft long and 5 ft tall
Main Facts:     Dilophosaurus was built lightweight and its teeth were very long, but its mouth was not built well to consume larger animals.
Rich resources:
Title: Dilophosaurus

Description: More about Dilophosaurus by the late Sam Welles, formerly a professor at the University of California Museum of Paleontology (UCMP).

Deinocheirus Dinosaur

         Deinocheirus ("terrible hand") was a theropod dinosaur which existed in southern Mongolia throughout the Late Cretaceous time.The only known fossil leftovers are a single pair of massive, eight-foot-long (2.5 m) forearms with 10-inch long claws and the leftovers of some ribs and vertebrae.
         Deinocheirus is measured by most paleontologists to be an Ornithomimid, as the structure of its arms is similar to other dinosaurs of the family. This would make Deinocheirus by far the biggest ornithomimid, at approximately 23-38 ft (7-12 m) long and weighing approximately 9000 kg. It may have been one of the greatest dinosaurs, able to run at nearly 40-50 mph. The fossilized arms are currently on show at the Paleontological Museum of the University of Oslo, Norway.